International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) <p>The International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism, is published by the Islamic Education and Multiculturalism Foundation, Malang City, East Java Province, Indonesia. This journal is a journal that can be accessed openly and can be used as a scientific medium for all people, scholars in Islamic education, research and multiculturalism. Subjects include literature studies, field studies with various perspectives on Islamic education, research on humanity, civilization, diversity and diversity of society. This journal functions for scholars, researchers, lecturers, as well as professors from various institutions and affiliations in the world. IJIERM, published three times a year, in January, May and September. Always put the study of Islamic education in all studies as well as cross-cultural, religious, ethnic, racial, humanitarian sides. This journal, serves as a forum for the study of Islamic education, research, and multicultural education in Indonesia and the world in a global, local and interdisciplinary context.</p> en-US (Editor) (Editors) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:49:42 +0700 OJS 60 COMMUNITY'S OPTIMISM IN THE UTILIZATION OF KARST AREA IN THE FRAMEWORK OF AGRARIAN REFORM (STUDY IN PUCUNG VILLAGE, GIRISUBO DISTRICT, GUNUNG KIDUL DISTRICT) <p><span lang="EN-US">Pucung Village, Girisubo District, Gunung Kidul Regency, is located in a karst area which requires a certain method to make the best use of it. The karst area, which is often considered by some people in other areas as an obstacle, is actually considered a blessing by the community and the Pucung Village Government. This attitude arose as part of the optimism of the community and the Pucung Village Government in the karst area within the framework of agrarian reform. This study uses qualitative research methods, with a rationalistic approach. The number of informants was 10 people, who were selected purposively. The data consists of: (1) Primary data, obtained from interviews with informants; (2) Secondary data, in the form of Pucung Village population data. Meanwhile, data analysis was carried out by utilizing Qualitative Analysis Techniques. The results of this study indicate that the optimism of the community and Pucung Village Government in the utilization of the karst area within the framework of agrarian reform is manifested in the form of: First, the seriousness of the community and Pucung Village Government, when collaborating with the National Land College (STPN) to carry out participatory research activities and community empowerment ; Second, the sincerity of the community and the Pucung Village Government when working hard to develop agriculture, animal husbandry, small businesses and tourism; Third, the seriousness of the community and the Pucung Village Government when carrying out repairs and arrangements for physical, intellectual, human, financial and technological facilities; Fourth, the seriousness of the community and Pucung Village Government, when improving people's welfare independently and peacefully by utilizing the iconic potential of Pucung Village, namely: Bengawan Solo Purba; Fifth, the seriousness of the community and Pucung Village Government when carrying out land use and utilization activities</span><span lang="EN">.</span></p> Aristiono Nugroho Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:38:57 +0700 The Urgency of Regulating Remote Working System In Indonesia Between Certainty and Utility <p><em>The absence of comprehensive regulations regarding remote work in Indonesia has given rise to various challenges, particularly concerning justice, legal certainty, and benefits for workers</em><em>. </em><em>Analyzing the Implementation of Legal Protection for Parties through Agreements Offered by Authorized Officials Regarding Underhand Debt Dispute with Objects Bound by Purchase</em><em>. </em><em>The methodology employed in this study is normative juridical, utilizing Namely, it is carried out through an examination of legislative regulations related to the urgency of remote working regulations in Indonesia. and conceptual approaches involves reviewing the opinions of experts regarding the urgency of remote working regulations in Indonesia. The legal material analysis technique employs Grammatical interpretation, Systematic interpretation, and Teleological interpretation. </em><em>The </em><em>research</em><em> findings indicate that, from philosophical, normative, juridical, </em><em>and</em><em> sociological standpoints, there is an urgent need to tailor regulations that can address the unique aspects of remote work, which fundamentally differ from conventional office-based employment.</em></p> Brigita Estu Putri Kristanti, Sihabudin, Siti Hamidah Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:41:48 +0700 A Review on the Development of a Track Irregularity Measurement Tool <p>Railway transportation is one of the most vital transportation modes for people and goods. Ensuring railway transportation safety and efficiency is very important. The condition of the track is one of the most vital factors in ensuring railway safety, as irregularities in the track can lead to severe accidents. Thus, it is essential to have proper gauges and methods to measure track irregularities. This paper will discuss different methods to measure track irregularities and their advantages and limitations. Several track irregularity measurement tools will be divided into groups based on different aspects, such as the contact types and their location. Contact methods can measure more detailed irregularities, but have limitations such as injury and equipment damage. Non-contact methods are less invasive and can measure larger rail sections, but are less accurate. The inspection method will be chosen based on the track configuration that must be carefully studied to ensure the most efficient and effective inspection methods for a rail type. Regardless of the method, it is important to keep developing and improving existing track irregularity measurement tools to increase efficiency and reduce measurement errors.</p> Febrian Angga Prasetyo, Satrio Wicaksono Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:43:46 +0700 JURIDICAL STUDY OF THE APPLICATION OF LAW NUMBER 18 OF 2012 CONCERNING FOOD (STUDY: TRADITIONAL ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE BUSINESS ACTORS IN KAMBANIRU VILLAGE, EAST SUMBA-NTT REGENCY) <p>This study aims to analyze the extent to which the effectiveness of the application of Law No. 18 of 2012 concerning Food to business actors producing traditional alcoholic beverages in Kambaniru Village. The type of research used is empirical normative the analytical-descriptive research uses a statutory approach and a conceptual approach. The results of the study show that Law number 18 of 2012 concerning Food is not implemented by business actors producing traditional alcoholic beverages in the Kambaniru village because production business actors do not know the A quo law and the manufacturing process is still a simple way and the equipment is not following the provisions normative rules.</p> Hendro Huky Leba , Fransiskus Saverius Nurdin Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:45:37 +0700 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SHARIA AND CONVENTIONAL STOCKS PORTFOLIO PERFORMANCE USING SHARPE, TREYNOR AND JANSEN METHODS <p>The Sharia capital market emerged as an alternative vehicle for the investor community to invest in the financial world in accordance with Sharia principles. As an alternative investment vehicle, the Sharia capital market is of course also targeted by investors who care about Sharia in addition to the general objective as a vehicle used to a profitable investing. Based on this basic framework, this research was conducted with the aim of analyzing and comparing stock performance in the form of stock portfolios between Sharia-based and conventional one. The JII70 stock index was used as an object for the Sharia stock portfolio, while the conventional stock portfolio was represented by the LQ45 index. The performance assessment used on these two portfolios was a portfolio performance assessment using the Sharpe, Treynor, and Jensen methods during the Covid-19 pandemic. The performance of these stock portfolios according to the three methods showed positive results. The performance of the JII70 stock portfolio was lower than the LQ45 index although it is insignificant. Meanwhile, according to the Treynor index, the performance of the JII70 was better than the LQ45 although it is insignificant.</p> Fanji Muchlisina, Riskayanto Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:47:49 +0700 The Phenomenon of School Santrinization in Aceh: Impacts and Implications in Education <p>This article examines the phenomenon of school santrinization in Aceh, Indonesia, and its impacts and implications in the field of education. School santrinization refers to the increasing influence of Islamic boarding school (pesantren) norms, values, and practices within formal educational institutions. This qualitative study employs interviews, observations, and document analysis to explore the impacts of school santrinization and its implications in education. The findings shed light on various changes brought about by school santrinization, including alterations in curriculum content, teaching methods, and student behavior. The analysis reveals that curriculum content has undergone a significant shift, with a heightened emphasis on Islamic studies and a reduced focus on subjects unrelated to religious education. This trend reflects the growing influence of pesantren values in shaping the educational landscape. Furthermore, teaching methods have been influenced, with a greater emphasis on rote memorization and recitation of religious texts, aligning with the pedagogical practices commonly observed in pesantren. These changes in instructional strategies have implications for the overall learning experience of students. Moreover, the study finds that school santrinization has impacted student behavior, leading to a stronger adherence to religious practices and an increased gender segregation within schools. The implications of school santrinization in education are multifaceted. Teachers face challenges in adapting their pedagogical approaches to accommodate the changing educational landscape, striking a balance between religious and secular knowledge domains.</p> Muhammad Riza Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 18:49:20 +0700 Does the use of Digital Marketing Communication Strategy Effectively Affect Conversions? (Case Study on DatascripMall.ID) <p>The development of technology, it then has a significant impact on aspects of human life and also business development. In this case, there are many methods that can be used as a method of using digital marketing strategies for companies. In this study, a cash study was taken on whose line of business is in the technology sector. The research method used this time is a quantitative research method with data collection techniques using primary and secondary methods. The results obtained in this study is that there is a significant influence between each variable on the company related to efforts to increase company profits.</p> Rifqi Alfiyahsari, RA Christanti Taurina, Glenis Priyanka Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 06 Oct 2023 19:52:47 +0700 EVALUATION OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY-BASED WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROGRAMS IN KAMPUNG RANTAU JAYA ILIR, CENTRAL LAMPUNG REGENCY <p>This research is an effort to understand the sustainability issues of the PAMSIMAS (Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation) program in Rantau Jaya Ilir Village, Central Lampung Regency. Using quantitative and qualitative approaches, this study tried to identify factors that affect the sustainability of the program. In the qualitative approach, researchers explore literature from various sources to explain the factors causing disruption to the PAMSIMAS program theoretically, while in the quantitative approach, data are collected through questionnaires distributed to program beneficiary communities. The results of this study cover several important aspects. First, the PAMSIMAS program in Rantau Jaya Ilir Village provides significant benefits to the community, especially in improving access and quality of clean water. Second, variables such as age, education, income, and length of stay of the community have a significant relationship with the level of participation in the program. Third, SWOT analysis shows that community participation is in quadrant I, which offers opportunities and strengths to improve programs.</p> Tondano Trisna Praja, Dyah Wulan Sumekar Rengganis, Dewi Agustina Iryani, Lukmanul Hakim Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Tue, 17 Oct 2023 20:18:54 +0700 EXPLORING TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY THROUGH MOTIVATION AND COMMITMENT TO TEACHING <p>The study aimed to explore teachers’ professional identities through motivation and commitment to teaching.&nbsp; It highlights teachers’ initial and sustaining motivation that shapes their professional identity. The study also focuses on how teachers’ commitment to teaching forms their identity. The study intended to provide an answer to the research question, of how motivation and commitment shape the three teachers’ professional identities in teaching. The study applied the document research method, where the researcher used three documentary videos from three teachers namely Robin, Vanday, and Imoto as the source of the data. For the data collection, the researcher watched and transcribed the speech from each video and coded it according to each category. The findings reveal that the three teachers’ motivation significantly boosts their productivity due to their self-efficacy, personal experience within society, and passion to teach the students, their love and concern for the students. The findings for commitment reveal that teachers’ independence, competence, and connectedness play important roles for teachers to be committed in teaching. This study implies that motivation and commitment play key roles in teachers’ professional identity.</p> Sidónio António Pires Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Tue, 17 Oct 2023 20:21:53 +0700 TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF BIOMASS IN MOBILE BIOMASS GASIFIER P2 <p>The purpose of this study is to determine the value of LCOE for gasification systems with several types of biomass fuel, to know the economic feasibility of gasification systems with several biomass fuels, and to know the most economical type of biomass to be used as Mobile Biomass Gasifier P2 fuel. The research methods used in this study include quantitative approaches and several stages of research. The stages of research consist of the formulation of the problem, where the research problem is identified and formulated to determine the methods and analysis to be used. This research resulted in bagasse being the most economical biomass choice with an LCOE value of Rp 1,050.17/kWh, followed by cotton waste, straw, corn cobs, and rice husks. In addition, gasifier systems with bagasse biomass also show good economic feasibility based on NPV, IRR, PBP, and BCR parameters.</p> Muhammad Rizky Pradana Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Tue, 17 Oct 2023 20:25:33 +0700 Antecedents of Marketing Strategy in Palm Oil Industry Spare Parts Supplier Company (Case Study of PT. Technindo Contromatra) <p>The Palm Oil Industry is one of the important industries that support the Indonesian economy because it brings in a lot of foreign exchange and absorbs a lot of work. One of the parties involved in the supply chain of the palm oil industry is a supplier of equipment and spare parts for palm oil processing mills. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the importance of equipment and spare parts supplier companies to add to using the appropriate marketing mix to develop their company's business. The method used in processing interview data and collecting questionnaire data. The results obtained are inputs in the form of business strategy adjustments for the company.</p> Ernst Tunggul Pardomuan S, Tongam Sirait Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Tue, 14 Nov 2023 14:43:52 +0700 Legal Relationship Between Platform Service Providers and Online Transportation Driver as Gig Workers (Platform Workers) <p><em>This research aims to determine the classification of legal relationships between platform service providers and online transportation drivers as gig workers (platform workers). The choice of theme is motivated by the fact that so far the legal relationship that occurs between platform service providers and online transportation drivers is a partnership relationship, but the partnership relationship that occurs does not implement the principles of partnership in its implementation in the business world. This partnership cooperation relationship is not regulated in the Law Number 20 of 2008 regarding Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises or the Indonesian labour law because the Indonesian labour law only recognizes working relationships, while in the Law Number 20 of 2008 regarding Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises because the original intent of the partnership in Law No.20/2008&nbsp; is very different from the </em><em>partnership</em><em> relationship that is currently happening between platform service providers and online transportation drivers.&nbsp; Then the writing of this paper uses a normative juridical method with a statutory approach and an analytical approach. The legal material obtained by the author will be analyzed using descriptive analytical analysis techniques, namely a method of analyzing legal material by determining the content or meaning of legal rules in terms of partnership cooperation relationships, as well as the Civil Code. From the results of research with the above methods, the classification of legal relationships between platform service providers and online transportation drivers as gig workers (platform workers) is classified as a partnership relationship based on the Subordinate union of partnership, namely a partnership based on the merger of two or more parties that are subordinately related</em></p> Dian Hadiati, Abdul Rachmad Budiono, Hanif Nur Widhiyanti Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 27 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 ADMINISTRATION AND REALIZATION OF SCHOOL, COLLEGE, AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION ACCREDITATION CERTIFICATION <p>Accreditation is carried out as an effort to improve quality in the field of education, the aim is to improve quality which covers all aspects of education in the form of science, administration teaching, and educational staff. Accreditation activities contain a comprehensive assessment process of the suitability of an educational unit or program, as a form of recognition for the provision of education in an educational unit. In this discussion, we will discuss and explain educational accreditation. By using the literature review or literature study method. The results of this discussion explain that accreditation is defined as a process of evaluating and assessing the quality of an institution or institutions carried out by a team of experts who we as assessors are based on predetermined quality standards. To further encourage Pre-Schools, Schools or Islamic Schools, Non-Formal Education, and Higher Education institutions to always strive to improve quality in various aspects and in order to increase accountability to the wider community, efforts to provide accreditation for educational institutions at every level are a very important need. Accreditation will achieve maximum results if each PAUD, School/Madrasah, Non-Formal Education, and Higher Education Institution always carries out regular and ongoing self-evaluations in an objective, honest, and transparent manner.</p> Kms.Badaruddin, Depi Kurniati, Yanuar Arafat, Zailia Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Tue, 31 Oct 2023 19:25:49 +0700 Empowering Women In Politics (Study At The Regional Leadership Council Of The North Sumatra Persatuan Indonesia Party) <p>Abstract: The low participation of women in political institutions means that various women's interests are less accommodated in a number of political decisions. Research problem formulation 1) How are women empowered in politics by the North Sumatra Perindo Partai DPW? 2) What are the factors inhibiting women's empowerment in politics by the North Sumatra Perindo Partai DPW? The method used is a qualitative research method. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews and documentation. The results of research on women's empowerment in politics (the North Sumatra Perindo Partai DPW study) have gone well. The planning carried out in implementing gender responsiveness is good. This can be seen in the socialization plans made. Implementation has been maximized. With Perindo Partai’s strategy of taking a more personal approach. The evaluation achieved good results. By improving the quality of national education, the encouragement of women to take part in politics can be realized. The suggestion in the research is that the KPU Institute holds outreach that focuses on 30% representation of women. As well as making significant changes regarding the quota for DPRD members specifically for women. Can make policies that in politics gender equality is necessary. Because patriarchal culture is very irrelevant to use during elections. A long-term national campaign is needed. Which contains women's political awareness, reinterpretation of religious doctrines that take away women's political rights through the media. Both printed and electronic media such as posters, billboards, stickers and pins with images.<br><br></p> Wim Putra Tri Pratama S, Siti Mardiana, Maksum Syahri Lubis Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 10 Nov 2023 22:22:12 +0700 Analysis Of Cross-Border Insolvency Dispute Resolution In Insolvency Practice In Indonesia <p>The resolution of Cross-Border Insolvency disputes in bankruptcy practice in Indonesia, with a focus on court decision Number 26/PAILIT/2010/PN.Niaga.JKT.PST. This highlights the lack of specific regulations in Indonesian law regarding cross-border bankruptcy, which causes legal uncertainty in resolving such disputes. This research uses a normative juridical approach to examine the application of rules and norms in positive law. The case analysis includes a bankruptcy petition against Manwani Santosh Tekchand filed by OCBC Securities Private Limited, which raises issues regarding the evidentiary strength of the special power of attorney granted to the Attorney. This article emphasizes the importance of clear rules and legal certainty to protect creditor rights and facilitate the execution of debtor assets. The court decisions discussed in this article highlight the legal implications of cross-border bankruptcy resolution, stating that foreign court decisions can be valid and convincing evidence regarding debts and the relationship between debtors and creditors if they meet formal requirements as authentic deeds. However, foreign court decisions cannot be recognized and implemented by Indonesian courts unless there is a ratified convention or the principle of reciprocity. The article concludes that the resolution of cross-border bankruptcy disputes in bankruptcy practice in Indonesia is limited by existing regulations and suggests the possibility of litigation or filing new bankruptcy applications based on debt instruments.</p> Muhammad Dzaky, Budi Santoso, Hanif Nur Widhiyanti Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 10 Nov 2023 22:24:17 +0700 Stock Analysis of Kroyo Crab in Cirebon Waters, Gebang Mekar Village, Gebang District, Cirebon Regency <p>The development of crabs in Cirebon Regency is one of the important indicators in increasing fisheries production, the increase is based on the high market demand for crab commodities, especially kroyo crabs, causing an impact on the crab population. This research was carried out from February 2022 to March 2023 in 3 sub-districts, namely Suranenggala, Mundu and Gebang. This study aims to determine the stock of kroyo crabs which include carapace width and weight, growth, condition factors, mortality, and exploitation rate. The method used is direct observation of special fishermen catching kroyo crabs. The key crabs measured during the study amounted to 360 individuals with a carapace width range of male crabs of 27-44 mm and female crabs of 28-51 mm, with a frequency distribution of 8 class intervals from December 2022 to February 2023. Tools used to analyze stock conditions using the help of FISAT II and Microsoft Excel software. The first size results were caught in males (L50%=34,18mm) with more than half the asymptotic length (½L∞=23,75mm), while in females (L50%=41,08mm) greater than half the asymptotic length (½L∞=25,75mm). The carapace-weight width relationship of the male crab is W = 1,227L0,510 and the female crab W = 0,371L0,896. Conditions factors in male crabs (1,007) and females (1,008) have the same level of mon-decency. Growth equation of Von Bertalanffy male crab Lt=47,25[1- e(-0,79(t+0,179))] and female crabs Lt=51,45[1- e(-0,99(t+0,138))], So it can be stated that the growth of female crabs is faster than that of male crabs. In male crabs, the Total Mortality Rate (Z) was obtained at 2.99 per year, natural mortality (M) of 1.39 per year, and arrest mortality (F) of 1.60 per year. While in female crabs Z = 2.44 per year, M = 1.57 per year, F = 1.60 per year. The exploitation rate (E) of male crabs was obtained at 0.54 per year and females at 0.35 which means that the capture of Charybdis anisodon waters is still a tendency of underfishing. The pattern of adding new male crabs in Cirebon waters has two peaks, namely in April and August, with female crabs in July. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the stock condition in Cirebon waters is still in the category of suitable for fishing for fishermen.</p> Achmad Mufidh Karomatullah, Aninditia Sabdaningsih, Suradi Wijaya Saputra Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM) Fri, 10 Nov 2023 22:25:44 +0700